This currency was legal tender in the USA until 1857 !
denomination : 8 Reales
Mint seat : Mexico ( Mo )
character : 1807-MoTH, KM-109.
Assayer : T omas Butron Miranda & H enrique Buenaventura Azorin ( TH )
Weight : 26.86gm
Diameter : 40mm
fabric : silver
Obverse: Laureate, draped, and cuirassed profile raid of Charles IV with roman armor proper.
latin caption : CAROLUS. IIII. DEI. GRATIA. 1807
translation : “ Charles IIII by the Grace of God, 1807 ”
Reverse: Crowned spanish * arms between the Pillars of Hercules adorned with PLVS VLTRA motto.
caption : .HISPAN [ IARUM ] .ET IND [ IARUM ] .REX.Mo [ Mexico Monogram ] .8R [ EALES ] T.H. [ Assayer Name ]
Translation : “ King of the Spains and the Indies, Mexico [ Mint ], 8 reales ” .
*Details on the spanish Arms : arms of Castile and LeÃ³n, with Granada in base and an inescutcheon of Anjou .
The Spanish dollar ( besides known as the piece of eight, the very de a ocho, or the eight real mint ) is a silver mint, worth eight reales, that was minted in the spanish Empire after a spanish currency reform of 1497. It was legal tender in the United States until an Act of the United States Congress discontinued the drill in 1857. Through widespread habit in Europe, the Americas and the Far East, it became the first populace currentness by the belated eighteenth hundred. many existing currencies, such as the canadian dollar, United States dollar and the chinese yuan, deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as currencies in Latin America and the Philippines uruguayan peso were initially based on the spanish dollar and other 8 reales coins .
Charles IV ( November 11, 1748 – January 20, 1819 ) was King of Spain from December 14, 1788 until his abdication on March 19, 1808.
Read more: Coin Master – Wikipedia
Charles was the second son of Charles III and his wife Maria Amalia of Saxony. He was born at Portici, while his father was king of the Two Sicilies. His elder brother Don Felipe was passed over for the two thrones as mentally check and epileptic .
Charles had inherited a big frame and huge physical military capability from the Saxon course of his mother, granddaughter of August the Strong. When new he was affectionate of wrestling with the strongest countrymen he could find. He was considered by many to be intellectually sluggish and quite credulous .
In 1788, Charles III died and Charles IV succeeded to the throne. even though he had a heavy belief in the holiness of his position and kept up the appearance of an absolute, brawny monarch, he never took more than a passive part in the steering of his own government, occupying himself with hunting. The affairs of government he left to his wife and his prime minister. In 1793, Maria Louis finally succeeded in ousting the Count of Floridablanca from office and had him replaced with Pedro Pablo Abarca de Bolea, Count of Aranda, the chief of the Aragonese party. however, in the inflame of the war against republican France, the liberal-leaning Count of Aranda was replaced by Manuel de Godoy, a favored of the Queen and allegedly her lover, who would henceforth enjoy the lasting favor of the King .
Godoy continued Aranda ’ mho policy of neutrality towards France but after Spain protested against the execution of the depose king in 1793, France declared war on Spain and in 1795 forced Godoy to conclude an alliance and declared war on Great Britain .
In 1803, after smallpox had affected his daughter MarÃa LuÃsa, the king commissioned his doctor Francisco Javier de Balmis to bring the vaccine to the spanish colonies on state expenses.
Read more: How rare is my 50p and how much is it worth?
Spain remained an ally of France and supported the Continental Blockade until the the british naval victory at Trafalgar. however, After Napoleon ’ s victory over Prussia in 1807, Godoy again steared Spain back onto the french side. This switching back and away devalued Charles ‘ stead as a trustworthy ally while the return to the french alliance increased Godoy ’ s unpopularity and strenghtened partido fernandista, the supporters of Crown Prince Ferdinand, who favored a close relationship with Great Britain .
When King Charles was told that his son Ferdinand was appealing to Napoleon against Godoy, he took the slope of the minister. When the populace rose at Aranjuez in 1808 he abdicated on March 19, in favor of his son, to save the minister who had been taken prisoner. Ferdinand took the toilet as Ferdinand VII, but was distrusted by Napoleon who had 100,000 soldiers in Spain by that prison term .
Charles IV found recourse in France, and became a prisoner of napoleon : the latter, posing as arbiter, summoned both Charles IV and his son to Bayonne in April and wheedle Charles ( who found a difficult time restraining himself from assaulting his son ) to retract his earlier abdication and abdicate, on May 5, 1808, in favor of Napoleon.
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